I’m continuing to explore the lives of the children of my 3 x great grandparents, Bedfordshire shoemaker Daniel Roe and Stepney-born domestic servant Eliza Holdsworth. In the last post I wrote about their daughter Eliza and her marriage to Thomas Parker, the son of her mother’s sister Sarah Holdsworth. In this post, it’s the turn of her brother, Caleb Roe. In what follows, I’m indebted to the work of my distant relative and pioneering Roe family researcher, Ron Roe, who is a direct descendant of Caleb.
Caleb Roe in about 1870 (via Ron Roe)
Born in Biggleswade in 1833 and christened there on 19th January 1834, Caleb was the youngest of Daniel and Eliza Roe’s five children. He was probably named after Caleb Evans, a malt-maker and Baptist deacon who I believe was a relative of Eliza’s on her mother’s side of the family. After his baptism, the next record we have for him is the 1841 census, which finds the eight-year-old Caleb living with his mother Eliza, who had been widowed three years earlier, and his four older siblings in Biggleswade. As I noted in an earlier post, Caleb’s brother Richard was apprenticed to a carpenter in Layston, Hertfordshire, while his mother, brother Daniel and sister Eliza all moved to London, probably by 1845 at the latest. Caleb seems to have stayed behind, at least initially, perhaps living with his Evans relatives, though by 1851, when he was seventeen, he was working as a general servant in the home of solicitor Edward Argles in Stratton Street, Biggleswade – the same street where his late father Daniel had kept his shoemaking shop.
At some point in the next five years, and probably sooner rather than later, Caleb joined his brothers Daniel and Eliza in London, though by now his mother Eliza had remarried and moved to north Hertfordshire with her second husband John Sharp. The younger Eliza Roe was now married to Thomas Parker and living in Southwark, while Daniel Roe junior was married to Mary Ann Blanch in 1848 and they were now living in Patriot Row, which was near Patriot Square in Bethnal Green. Daniel and Mary Ann Roe, my great great grandparents, will be the subject of the next post.
Patriot Square can be seen just to the north of Bethnal Green, in this section of Cross’ 1851 Map of London (via london1851.com)
Caleb settled in Bethnal Green, where he worked as a carpenter, like his brother Richard. It’s possible that to begin with he lived with his brother Daniel, before meeting and marrying Sabina Collinson, a dressmaker, in 1856. The wedding took place at St Jude’s church, Bethnal Green, on 27th July. Bride and groom were both twenty-three years old. Both gave their address as 10 Albion Buildings, the home of the Collinson family, which was to the west of what is now Cambridge Heath Road, between Hackney Road and Old Bethnal Green Road and close to Felix and Clare Streets. It was not far from Patriot Row, which may explain how Caleb first met Sabina, if my theory about him living with his brother Daniel is correct.
Sabina Collinson was the daughter of Enoch Collinson, a carver and gilder, who was one of the witnesses to her marriage to Caleb. Apparently carving and gilding were key skills in the frame-making industry. The Collinsons were originally from Shoreditch. Enoch Collinson was born in Shoreditch in about 1792 and married Ann Wingrove at Christ Church, Newgate, in 1819, when he was about twenty-seven. Their first child, William Enoch, was born in 1820 at Little Leonard Street, Shoreditch. The baptismal record describes Enoch as a builder, so perhaps he had yet to master his trade as a carver and gilder (unless the parish clerk misheard ‘gilder’ as ‘builder’?). A second child, Richard, was born in 1821 in Whitechapel, but died a year later. Their next son, born in Bethnal Green in 1823, was given the same name. When their next child, Joseph, was baptised at St. Leonard’s, Shoreditch in November 1823, the Collinsons were again at Little Leonard Street, whereas their first daughter, Ann, was baptised at St. Botolph’s, Bishopsgate in 1826, and their address was now 3 Newnham Place. The family was back in Shoreditch, living at Curtain Road, in March 1829, when another daughter, Sophia, was christened, and they were still there for the births of sons Charles in 1830 and Frederick in 1831. By the time Sabina was baptised in February 1833, however, they had moved to Norfolk Street, Bethnal Green: the ceremony took place at St. Matthew’s, as did her sister Emma’s christening in 1836. Another daughter was baptised at St. Mary’s in Whitechapel, in 1838, when the family was living in New Road: she was given the name Victoria, probably one of the first children to be named after the new queen, who had been crowned in the previous year. Sadly, Victoria died when she was three years old. The Collinsons were still at New Road when their last child, Jane Eliza, was baptised in 1840.
Carvers and gilders
The 1841 census finds Enoch, forty-nine, and Ann, forty-six, still at New Road, Whitechapel. Ten years later, they were living at 74 Boston Street, Haggerston. We know that they were at 10 Albion Buildings by 1856 at the latest, and this was also their address in 1861, when all of their children had left home and Ann would give her occupation as ‘working by myself – char’. In 1871 the Collinsons were living in Elizabeth Row, George Street, not far from Albion Buildings. Ann died in 1872, at the age of seventy-six, and Enoch in 1874, when he was about seventy-eight.
As for the other children of Enoch and Ann Collinson – Sabina’s brothers and sisters – this is what I’ve been able to find out about them:
William Enoch Collinson (b. 1820) died in 1840 at the age of twenty.
Richard Collinson (b. 1823), a carver and gilder like his father, married Hephzibah (Elizabeth) Quinton, daughter of butcher John Quinton, in 1848 at the church of St John the Baptist, Hoxton. They had eight children: Richard, John, Hephzibah, Thomas, Maria, Anna, Emma and Joseph. To begin with they lived with Hephzibah’s father in Church Street, Bethnal Green; then in Nelson Street, where John Quinton lived with them; then Fountain Court; and finally Goldsmith Square, Haggerston. Richard and Hephzibah both died in 1892, at the age of fifty-nine.
Joseph Collinson (b. 1823), another carver and gilder (though one later record describes him as a retired grocer) never married. He spent most of his life in Kentish Town, dying there in 1900 at the age of seventy-six.
Ann Collinson (b. 1825) married Thomas John Berg, a box / packing case maker, at St. John the Baptist, Hoxton, in 1850, when she was twenty-five. Thomas and Ann had six children: Thomas, Charles, Emma Sophia, Alice, William, Charles John and Minnie Sabina. They lived initially in Allerton Street, Shoreditch; then Royely Street in Finsbury; then Maidenhead Court, St Giles without Cripplegate. Thomas died in 1885 at the age of fifty-eight. In 1901 Ann was living in Defoe Road, Stoke Newingon. She died in 1915, aged ninety.
Sophia Collinson (b. 1827) died in 1841, at the age of fourteen.
Charles Collinson (b. 1830) also followed the family trade of carving and gilding. He married Emma Martin, daughter of carpenter Jesse Martin, in Hoxton in 1854. They had six children: Emma, Ellen, Charles, Caroline, Jessie and George. In 1861 they were living in Minerva Street, Bethnal Green, just a few streets away from Albion Buildings. The only other record I have for them is the 1881 census, which finds Emma at home in Mansford Street, while Charles is visiting a coffee house in Hare Street, Bethnal Green.
Frederick Collinson (b. 1831), yet another carver and gilder, married Emily Clark, daughter of dyer John Clark, at St. Thomas, Bethnal Green, in 1857. They had two sons, Frederick and William. The family lived with relatives of Emily’s in Devonshire Place, Bethnal Green; also in George Street, where most of their neighbours were silk weavers. I don’t have complete records for Frederick, but I know that in 1901, when he was seventy, he was living in the Bethnal Green workhouse.
Emma Collinson (b. 1835) married copperplate printer Alfred Cockram at St. Jude’s church, Bethnal Green, on Christmas Day 1856, but died after giving birth to their son Alfred in 1857. Alfred senior would marry again, to Ellen Bennett, in 1860.
Jane Eliza Collinson (b. 1839) married silk weaver / trimmer (and later telegraph line man) George Royffe in 1857 at St. Jude’s church, Bethnal Green. They had nine children: George, William, Jane, Rose, Sophia, Alfred, Elizabeth, Albert and Louisa. They lived in Felix Street; then in George Street, initially next door to Jane’s parents. The records for them are incomplete, but it would appear that George died in 1898. The 1901 census finds Jane living in Chalgrove Road, Hackney with daughters Elizabeth and Louisa: all three are working at home in various aspects of the boot trade. Jane would die in the following year in Hackney, aged sixty-three.
St Leonard’s church, Shoreditch
As for Caleb and Sabina Roe, their first child, Eliza Sabina Roe was christened on 12th July 1857, at St. Leonard’s Church, Shoreditch, when they were living at 61 Cumberland Street, which was just north of Hackney Road, to the west of present-day Haggerston Park. I haven’t found a baptismal record for Caleb’s and Sabina’s second child, Emily Constance, but other records indicate that she was born in March 1860 in Shoreditch. A third daughter, Eleanor Sophia, was born almost exactly one year later and baptised at St. Leonard’s on 7th April 1871. At this date the family was living at 5 Grange Place.
By the time the 1861 census was taken later that year, Caleb and Sabina had moved again and were living at 141 St. John’s Road, Hoxton, where Caleb was working as a carpenter and joiner. In this record, their oldest daughter is named simply as ‘Sabina’, though the census enumerator manages to mangle the spelling somewhat. Another daughter, Rosetta, was born in the following year in Shoreditch. Caleb’s and Sabina’s first son, Augustus Caleb, was born in 1864. I haven’t found a christening record for him, but other records indicate that he was born in the parish of St Luke’s, Hackney, suggesting yet another (brief?) change of address. The family was back in Hoxton for the baptism of their next daughter Annie Elizabeth, at Holy Trinity church, in 1866. Their address was said to be 15 Windsor Street, as it was when their son Charles Caleb Roe was christened at the same church three years later. However, by the time another son, Horace, was baptised at the same church in 1870, they had moved to 41 Shepherdess Walk. This is where they can be found at the time of the 1871 census, which describes Caleb, now thirty-six, as a journeyman carpenter. By this time Caleb and Sabina had eight children between the ages of eleven months and thirteen years. A final daughter, Louisa Jane, would be born a year later, in June 1872, also in Hoxton.
Two of the daughters of Caleb and Sabina Roe – names unknown (via Ron Roe)
By the time of the 1881 census, when they were both in their mid-forties, Caleb and Sabina had moved to 41 Ballance Road in Homerton, Hackney. Living with them were their children Eliza, twenty-three, a greval (?) maker (for a hosier), Emily, twenty-one, Eleanor, twenty, and Rosetta, eighteen, all working as machinists / seamstresses; Augustus, sixteen, a clerk; and Anne, fourteen, Charles, eleven, Horace, ten, and Lousia, eight, all still ‘scholars’. (Eliza) Sabina had married earlier that year (see below).
Caleb Roe died in 1890, at the age of fifty-seven, at 113 Rushmore Road, Clapton, Hackney. In 1911 Sabina, now seventy-eight was living with her daughter Ellen Sophia and her family at Meanley Road, Manor Park. Sabina died two years later at the age of eighty.
Victorian houses in Rushmore Road, Clapton, close to where Caleb and Sabina Roe were living in 1890 (via google.co.uk/maps)
This is what I know about what became of the children of Caleb and Sabina Roe:
Eliza Sabina Roe married printer’s compositor Edwin John Jones in West Ham in 1881. They had four children: Daisy Ethel in 1882; Herbert Edwin 1884; Arthur Stanley 1887; and Frederick, 1898. In 1891 they were living in Coopersale Road, Hackney, and in 1901 in Argyle Road, Cann Hall, Wanstead. By 1911 Edwin and Eliza were living in Gordon Road, Ilford. Edwin Jones served as an engineer and officer on the merchant ship Scotia and lost his life when the ship was sunk at Dunkirk in 1940. Eliza died in Romford in 1949.
Emily Constance Roe married Daniel Richard Davis, at that time a watchmaker, at St Luke’s, Hackney, in 1884. The had two children: Ethel Constance, born in Poplar in 1885, and Constance Gladys born in Bow in 1893. In both 1891 and 1901 Daniel and Emily were living at 68 Monier Road, Stratford-le-Bow, and in 1911 in Adley Street, Homerton. Daniel died at Kynaston Road, Stoke Newington, in 1917. Emily lived for another forty years, dying at the age of ninety-seven in 1957.
Eleanor (or Ellen) Sophia Roe married grocer Alfred Edward Richards at St Luke’s, Hackney, in 1886. They had seven children: Alfred, 1887; Ernest, 1889; Ellen, 1891; Lillian, 1893; Leonard, 1896; and Cecil, 1898. In 1891 Alfred and Ellen were living with the latter’s widowed mother Sabina and siblings Augustus, Horace and Louisa, at 113 Rushmore Road. Alfred was now working as a Post Office official. In 1901 they were at 62 Wragby Road, Cann Hall, presumably not far from Ellen’s sister Eliza Sabina and her family. Alfred was now described as a postman. In 1911 Alfred and Eleanor were living in Meanley Road in Manor Park.
Rosetta Roe married clothier William Hefford at St. Luke’s, Hackney, in 1885. They both gave their address as Coopersale Road, the street where Rosetta’s sister Eliza Sabina and husband Edwin Jones would be living six years later (and might already have been living at this time). In 1891 they were living at 2 Robinson Road, Bethnal Green, and William was working as a tailor’s cutter. Rosetta died there seven years later at the age of thirty-six.
Augustus Caleb Roe, who worked as a private secretary, married Sarah Ann Somerville at the church of St. John of Jerusalem, South Hackney, in 1894, when they were both thirty. They gave their address as 143 Cassland Road. They had two sons: Herbert Augustus Somerville Roe, baptised at St. John’s in June 1896, when they were living at Meyvell (?) Crescent; and Somerville, born in 1897 in Southend, where the family had moved by this time. The 1901 census finds them living in nearby Prittlewell and ten years later they were at Oakleigh Park Drive in Leigh-on-Sea. Augustus Roe died in Greenwich in 1915, at the age of fifty-one.
Annie Elizabeth Roe married Henry James Richard Turner, a sorter with the Post Office, in 1891 at All Saints church, Clapton, when they gave their address as 113 Rushmore Road. Annie and Henry had three children: Annie (1893), Mary (1895) and Albert (1899). In 1901 they were living at 22 Cuthbert Road, Walthamstow, and Henry was working as a railway goods porter. In 1911 they were at Linford Road, also in Walthamstow. I believe that Annie died in 1954.
Charles Caleb Roe married Rosina Foot at St Michael and All Angels, Hackney in 1888. They were both twenty and living at 45 Percy Road. Charles and Rosina had seven children: Charles Edward, 1888; Caleb Augustus, 1890; Rosina, 1893; Lily, 1895; Maud Ellen, 1896; Alice, 1899; and William 1902. (My distant relative and fellow Roe family researcher Ron Roe is William’s son). In 1891 Charles and Rosina were living in Marlow Road, Homerton, where a number of their neighbours were, like Charles, engaged in the trade of glass blowing. By 1901 they were living in Maclaren Street, Clapton, where Charles was now a greengrocer and shopkeeper. In 1911 they were at Crozier Terrace, Homerton, where Charles had changed his occupation again was working as a carman and contractor. Rosina died in 1952 and Charles in 1953, both at the age of eighty-four.
Horace Roe married Florence Harriet Miller in 1892 at St Luke’s, Hackney. Horace was working as a painter at the time and the couple gave their address as Marlow Road (where Horace’s brother Charles had been living the year before). Horace and Florence had three children: Florence, 1893; Beatrice, 1896; and Edith, 1898. In 1901 they were living at 8 Askew Street, South Hackney, where Horace was now working as a bricklayer’s labourer. By 1911 they had moved to Arthur Street, also in South Hackney. Horace seems to have died in 1941 at the age of seventy-one and Florence in 1942 at the age of sixty-nine.
Louisa Jane Roe married boot-clicker Albert Davies in 1898 at St Pancras Old Church. At the time they were both living at separate addresses in Werrington Street. They had five children: Hannah, 1893; Alice, 1895; William, 1897; Albert, 1900; and Louisa, 1902. In 1901 they were living at 6 Devizes Street, Shoreditch, where Albert was working as a house decorator and Louisa (at home) as a tent maker’s machinist. Albert seems to have died in 1930 at the age of fifty-eight and Louisa in 1946 at the age of seventy-one.